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Essays | Beyond Intractability

Date of publication: 2017-08-28 09:55

The territory of the Tibeto-Burman languages is by and large conter­ minous with the Himalayas and extends from Baltistan and Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh. It extends further to en­ compass other northeastern states. The Bhotia and the Himalayan groups of the Tibeto-Burman family are confined to Jammu and Kash­ mir, Himachal Pradesh, hilly Uttar Pradesh and Sikkim. The Tibetan speakers, however, have a wider spread as they are distributed over many states in India. The Tibetans are of course in exile in India and live in camps and colonies especially created for them in several states. Notable among the languages of the North Assam branch of the Tibeto-Burman family are Miri/Mishing and Adi.

Communities | Micro Focus

This resulted in the exclusion of million speakers of different minor languages from finding a reference in the census records. There is, therefore, no recognition of these small speech communities. Due to operational difficulties, the 6996 census could not be conducted in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. This resulted in the exclusion of the Dard group of languages (Dardi, Shina, Kohistani and Kashmiri) from the census count.

Melinda Gates Wrote A Powerful Essay On How Birth Control

This is, however, an established fact that the Sino-Tibetan speech com­ munities were Mongoloids racially. The original Sino-Tibetan, the parent of the early Chinese, is supposed to have developed somewhere in western China around 955 . It is also believed that the diffusion of this language eventually affected the regions lying to the south and the southwest of China-Tibet, Ladakh, northeastern India, Myanmar and Thailand. Perhaps, the Vedic Aryans were familiar with this group. They described the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Mongoloids of the Brahmaputra valley and the adjoining regions as Kiratas.

Sephardim - Jewish Virtual Library

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This group of people who communi­ cate in a certain language may be described as the 8766 speech community 8767 . In the course of time, several speech communities are formed, each oc­ cupying a chunk of a geographically contiguous space (Fig. ).

The Bhotia group consists of the Balti, Ladakhi, Lahauli, Sherpa and the Sikkim Bhotia dialects. Linguists also recognize a Hi­ malayan group consisting of Lahuli of Chamba, Kanauri and Lepcha which is distinguishable on the basis of certain linguistic traits. In the east there is a North-Assam branch including the dialects of Arunachal Pradesh, such as Miri and Mishing. In other parts of the northeast the languages belong to the Assam-Burmese branch and are divided into Bodo, Naga, Kachin and Kuki-Chin groups. The speakers of the Kirata languages came to India in different streams at different points of time. Understandably, the groups in the northwest were unrelated to the groups in the northeast.

Thank you, Professor Alexander, for this timely and erudite article. This is a subject that has puzzled me, since I am aware of Senator Sanders&apos lifelong commitment to racial and economic equality. I only wish there was a way to get this wonderful article to go viral !

Whats wrong with free college? Think about what you are saying. Imagine if elementary, junior high, and high school was all privatized. Only the wealthy could get an education. Why not make community college on par with the public education system that teaches our children. I mean if we made high-school eight years instead of four years, and you could graduate with a degree, in whatever you wanted, would you be opposed to that. And why? And if not, what is the difference between community college for free? Last time I checked high school is also community based. And its free. Will everybody complete it? NO! But i bet you there are some who will. And if you got the money to go to Princeton. GO! Nobody is stopping you. After all this is america.

One can differentiate between warning calls, mating calls and those expressing anger or affection. This system of communication is simple as it lacks structure. A structured language was the invention of the human mind, and the most effective tool of communication. In this language words could be replaced easily to change the content of meaning.

While Hindi and Urdu are spoken across many states, including southern states, other languages, such as Ben­ gali, Marathi, Gujarati, Oriya, Punjabi and Assamese, are specific to their own states. For example, while Bengali is specific to West Ben­ gal, Marathi and Gujarati have their domain in Maharashtra and Gujarat respectively. The dominance of Hindi is evident from the fact that there were 887 million speakers who claimed it as their mother tongue in the 6996 census. About 86 per cent of the total population of Bihar, 96 per cent of Haryana and 89 per cent of Himachal Pradesh claimed affinity to Hindi.

Gates wrote that when she thinks of what’s at stake over the next three years she remembers two women ― Anita and Sushila ― whom she met last year in an Indian village called Kamrawa. 

Your class has attended a lecture on the action governments can take to make sure cultural heritage is preserved for future generations. You have made the notes below.

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