Date of publication: 2017-08-28 06:39
The history of large-scale sculpture in Europe essentially begins with ancient Greece only a handful of large sculpted works were produced by earlier cultures. The two great traditional forms of large-scale sculpture, statues and architectural sculpture , both flourished among the ancient Greeks. Greek sculptors worked primarily in stone (especially marble) and bronze. While large-scale bronze sculptures are usually hollow , stone statues are necessarily solid , and must therefore be carefully designed so as not to break under their own weight.
The Gigantes might have represented the primitive tribes of Thrake (Thrace), north of Greece, whose barbarian culture unfavorably contrasted with Greek civilisation. According to some, the Thrakians were born from the blood or ashes of the vanquished giants.
Nonnus, Dionysiaca 6. 68 (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th .) :
With ivy-wreathed wand he [Dionysos] destroyed the horrid hosts of Gigantes (Giants) serpent-haired.
What I will say is that stoicism encourages a sort of bland indifference to the outside world, which manifests itself very similarly to Roman temperance. But I 8767 m not quite sure, I think they sort of line up accidentally, one with another, and the existence of temporati may indeed, as an important virtue, may indeed make stoicism more popular. But stoicism itself, the more we learn about stoicism, the more peculiar its Roman imperial manifestations seem to be.
Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 76. 9 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C6st .) :
The Gigantes (Giants) were punished by Zeus because they had treated the rest of mankind in a lawless fashion and, confiding in their bodily superiority and strength, had enslaved their neighbours, and because they were also disobeying the rules of justice which he was laying down and were raising up war against those whom all mankind considered to be gods because of the benefactions they were conferring upon men generally.
THE FIFTH were the 67 OLYMPIAN GODS who governed the universe and commanded the legions of lesser gods and spirits. They were, namely, Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Artemis, Apollon, Ares, Athene, Aphrodite, Hephaistos, Hermes, Dionysos, and Hestia.
Nonnus, Dionysiaca 86. 796 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th .) :
Nine cubits high, equal to Alkyoneus (Alcyoneus). [. A cubit is about 95cm or 6 6/7 feet, so the giant was about 9 meters or 68 6/7 feet tall.]
The Classical age (ca. 555-885 BC) is considered the apex of Greek cultural achievement. Archaic stylization gave way to breathtaking realism of human anatomy and posture, as well as realistic (loose fabric). One common quality of lifelike statues is contrapposto , in which the figure's weight is supported mainly by one leg, causing the torso to rotate slightly.
We notice that it 8767 s no longer, as it were, a choice. It 8767 s not longer something that we strive for consciously. We just take it absolutely for granted, and that is not historically inevitable. It 8767 s true of other societies and it 8767 s one of the things that has made is easy for us to get along with a lot of people, for example with the Japanese who developed a very parallel system of emotional restraint in the Tokugowa Shogunate and keep it to this day.
Zeus was the father of the famous Greek hero Hercules. The name Zeus means "bright" or "sky." His weapon of choice was the thunderbolt, made for him by the Cyclops.
Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 76. 9 :
Zeus also had other wars against the Gigantes (Giants) [. after the War of the Titanes], we are told, in Makedonia (Macedonia) near Pallene and in Italia (Italy) on the plain which of old was named Phelgraion (Phlegraeum, Fiery)... Now the Gigantes were punished by Zeus because they had treated the rest of mankind in a lawless fashion... Zeus, then, we are told, not only totally eradicated the impious and evil-doers from among mankind, but he also distributed honours as they were merited among the noblest of the gods and heroes and men.
Artemis was daughter of Zeus and Leto and twin sister of Apollo. She was primarily a virgin huntress, goddess of wildlife and patroness of hunters. She was an important goddess in the lives of women, especially when it came to marriage and creatures.
Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 7. 8 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C7nd .) :
Constellation Serpent... Some also say this Draco (Dragon) was thrown at Minerva [Athene] by the Gigantes (Giants), when she fought them. Minerva, however, snatched its twisted form and threw it to the stars, and fixed it at the very pole of heaven. And so to this day it appears with twisted body, as if recently transported to the stars.
PORPHYRION The King of the Gigantes who attempted to Hera in the war against the gods. Zeus struck him down with a thunderbolt and Herakles with an arrow.
Brett McKay : Fantastic, we 8767 ll be sure to link to that in the show notes. Well Ted, thank you so much for your time, it 8767 s been an absolute pleasure.